8.2 Prison Service, Probation
The National Offender Management Service (NOMS) is an executive agency of the Ministry of Justice, bringing together the headquarters of the Probation Service and HM Prison Service to enable more effective delivery of services. The two bodies remain distinct but have a strong unity of purpose – to protect the public and reduce reoffending. Prison and probation services ensure the sentences of the courts are properly carried out and work with offenders to tackle the causes of their offending behaviour.
NOMS delivers a broad range of interventions to address the particular risks and needs of offenders.
There are a number of accredited offending behaviour programmes addressing thinking skills, anger management, domestic and other types of violent crime as well as sexual offending. A range of interventions is available for offenders with an alcohol or drug problem. The accredited offending behaviour programmes are described more fully in section 8.2 B
The programmes are accredited by the Correctional Services Accreditation Panel, a group of international experts, and have to meet a stringent assessment criteria to demonstrate that they can contribute to reducing re-offending. The programmes are challenging and require offenders to discuss in detail their offending behaviour and the consequences of their actions.
There are two accredited domestic violence programmes in use in the Community and one in prison within England and Wales: the Community Domestic Violence Programme, the Integrated Domestic Abuse Programme, and Healthy Relationships Programme respectively.
CDVP is a cognitive behavioural programme. It is a sequential programme for male perpetrators of medium to high risk of harm. It includes interagency risk assessment/information exchange management; victim contact; proactive offender management and core group work. It consists of 28 group work sessions of two hours.
IDAP is a cognitive behavioural programme and challenges attitudes and beliefs of the offender. It is a rolling programme of 9 modules consisting of 3 sessions in each. Offenders can start the Programme at the beginning of any module except the Sexual Respect Module. It teaches non controlling behaviour strategies, and enhanced victim empathy. It includes interagency risk assessment/information exchange management; victim contact; proactive case management and core group work. The programme consists of 27 two hour sessions delivered weekly sessions.
Both programmes are targeted at male offenders, who are in, or were in, heterosexual relationships, who are of medium to high risk of causing harm.
The Healthy Relationship Programme HRP in use in prison aims to increase domestically violent offenders’ awareness and skills, specifically
Awareness of the consequences of his abusive behaviour
Ability to respond non abusively
Ability to change abusive beliefs
Ability to empathise with his victim(s)
Ability to identify high-risk situations and to effectively manage these in the future
The moderate intensity programme runs over a two month period and is designed for those men assessed as having a moderate risk/moderate need who have been violent in their intimate relationships. The course has 28 group sessions and at least three individual sessions.
The high intensity programme runs over a five month period and is designed for high risk/high need offenders who have been violent in their intimate relationships. The programme is 68 sessions long and has at least 10 individual sessions.
Other activities across prison and probation such as training, education, work, non accredited courses, specialist support and resettlement also have a significant part to play.